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cham cham sweet recipe with step by step photos. cham cham also known as chum chum or chom chom is again one of those classic sweets from bengal. to make chum chum is easy but does take time. the method of making cham cham sweet is similar to that of making rasgulla. in this cham cham recipe, i have filled them with a sweet stuffing. but this is an optional step and you can skip it.

cham cham recipe

what is cham cham

cham cham is a milk based sweet. milk is curdled to get chenna or coagulated milk solids. this chenna is further kneaded and then shaped in cylindrical or oblong pieces, which are then cooked in sugar syrup.

when you make sweets like cham cham or rasgulla, what one looks for is sponginess, softness and smoothness in the texture. i am sharing some frequently asked questions along with tips so that you can make absolutely awesome cham cham sweet in your own kitchen. i have compiled the questions from comments received from the other chenna based sweets (as the method of making these is similar) shared on blog.

faq for cham cham recipe

1. what should be the quality of milk?
while making chenna based sweet like cham cham, rasgulla or sandesh, always use full fat whole milk. you can even use pasteurised milk. also make sure that the milk is fresh and is in its shelf period. avoid using toned milk or skimmed milk.

2. how to gauge the correct moisture in the chenna?
the correct balance of moisture is very crucial to get the right texture in cham cham or a rasgulla. if there is too much of water or moisture in the chenna, the cham cham will break or disintegrate while cooking. too less moisture, then the cham cham will become dense or shrunk or flatten after cooking and cooling.

  • you can easily check the moisture content in chenna while kneading it. when you knead chenna, if you see that it is too moist or watery, then it means there is more water. add a bit of more maida (all purpose flour) so that it absorbs the extra moisture. you can keep a heavy weight on the chenna so that some of the water or whey reduces.
  • if when kneading, if you see the chenna dry and crumbly, then there is less moisture. sprinkle 1 to 2 teaspoons of water to make the chenna slightly moist. the moisture helps in binding and makes soft cham cham, but at the same time, there should not be too much of moisture or water in the chenna.

3. for how long chenna needs to be kneaded?
the time taken for kneading chenna depends on the force and pressure applied by the palms. however as a benchmark, stop kneading when your palms become a bit greasy. while kneading, some fat from the chenna is released. so your palms must become a bit greasy when kneading. at this step stop kneading and shape chenna into chum chum. knead chenna to a smooth large ball and it should be able to come together without breaking or falling apart.

4. does the sugar syrup has any string consistency?
the sugar syrup for cham cham does not have any string consistency like 1 string or 2 strings etc. its a watery sugar syrup. since it watery, the cham cham absorbs the sugar syrup and tastes sweet.

5. why has cham cham flattened or shrunk?
when cooking cham cham, always use a large pan enough for all the cham cham pieces to accomodate and expand when cooking. do not stir with a spoon or ladle as the chum chum can break. its better to use a pan with handles at the sides, so that you can shake the pan by holding the handles and swirling the pan gently. if the chenna is dry, then also the cham cham can get shrunk or flattened.

6. how to check if the cham cham is cooked?
firstly the cham cham expand in size while cooking. overall the cooking time varies from 8 to 12 minutes. the time variations are due to the size of the cham cham, the quality and type of pan, flame intensity etc. so after 8 to 10 minutes, you can remove a cham cham piece and place it in a mug or bowl of water. if the chom chom settles at the bottom, its cooked. if it floats on the surface of water, its undercooked.

7. why has cham cham become rubbery?
if the cham cham pieces are cooked too much, they will end up becoming dense and rubbery. so do not overcook them.

8. can i make colored cham cham?
of course you can. colored cham cham also appeal to kids. if using any coloring ingredient, i would suggest to use natural color extract. so add the natural color extract in the chenna while kneading, to get colored cham cham sweet. you can divide the chenna in two or three portions to get 2 to 3 colored varieties of chum chum.

9. is the sweet filling essential?
no, making the sweet filling is not essential. you can skip it completely. also rolling chum chum in desiccated coconut is optional and can be skipped.

cham cham

few more sweets recipes you may like are:

cham cham recipe

cham cham is a popular sweet from bengal made by curdling milk. cham is also called as chum chum. this cham cham recipe will help you in making spongy & soft cham cham since lot of tips and suggestions are included in the recipe post. 

prep time 28 minutes
cook time 12 minutes
total time 40 minutes
servings 9 cham cham pieces
rough calories per serving 62 kcal
author dassana amit

ingredients (1 cup = 250 ml)

for chenna

  • 1 litre milk
  • 2 tablespoons vinegar or lemon juice or add as required
  • 1 teaspoon maida or all purpose flour or rava (sooji, cream of wheat) or corn flour

for sugar syrup

  • 2 heaped cups sugar or 400 grams
  • 4 cups water or 1 litre
  • 1 tablespoon rose water or kewra water or ½ to 1 teaspoon cardamom powder

for sweet filling

  • 6 tablespoons milk powder
  • 2 tablespoons sugar
  • 2 tablespoons malai or cream
  • 2 to 3 tablespoons milk
  • 7 to 8 strands saffron
  • ¼ teaspoon cardamom powder

for garnish

  • 2 to 3 tablespoons desiccated coconut
  • 1 to 2 tablespoons chopped or sliced blanched almonds or raw almonds
  • 1 to 2 tablespoons chopped or sliced pistachios
  • few strands of saffron – optional

how to make recipe

making chenna for cham cham recipe

  1. begin to heat 1 litre milk in a thick bottomed pan. stir at intervals when the milk begins to get heated.

  2. when the milk comes to a boil, you will see a layer of malai or clotted cream which forms on top. remove this layer of malai. you will get about 2 to 3 tablespoons of malai. we will be using this malai to make the sweet filling for cham cham.
  3. switch off flame when milk comes to rolling boil.

  4. add 2 tablespoons vinegar or lemon juice. you can even add 1 tablespoon vinegar or lemon juice. the amount to be added will depend on the quality of milk.

  5. mix very well and let milk curdle.

  6. wait for 4 to 5 mins and let the heat reduce a bit. then strain through muslin lined on a top of a bowl or pan.

  7. bring the edges of the muslin together, straining all the whey. be careful as both the chenna and whey will be hot.

  8. rinse the chenna very well in running water. this removes the lemony flavor and tangy taste from the chenna. then gently queeze the muslin with your hands, so that any extra water is drained from the chenna. 

  9. keep a heavy weighted bowl or mortar-pestle on the chenna for 8 to 10 minutes.

kneading chenna

  1. after 8 to 10 minutes remove the chenna from the muslin. place on a tray or a plate. sprinkle 1 teaspoon maida or all purpose flour. you can even add 1 teaspoon rava (sooji) or corn flour instead of maida.

  2. mix and begin to knead this mixture. knead very well till some greasiness is felt in your palms. just a bit of greasiness is required. knead to a smooth ball of chenna. if mixture looks dry and crumby sprinkle some water – about 1 to 3 teaspoons or more and continue to knead. the mixture should be able to come together without breaking or falling apart. for a dry chenna a bit of moisture helps in binding the mixture.

  3. then roll the chenna ball into a log. cut in equal pieces.

  4. take each piece and roll them between your palms to a smooth cylindrical or oblong shape. pinch the edges.

  5. make oblong shaped cham cham with the entire kneaded chenna. keep them covered with a moist muslin cloth.

making sugar syrup for chum chum

  1. take 2 heaped cups sugar (400 grams) in a large pan. please use a large pot or pan so that there is enough space for the cham cham to cook and increase in size.

  2. pour 4 cups water (1 litre) in the pan.

  3. place the pan on a medium-low to medium flame. with a spoon stir non-stop and mix so that all the sugar is dissolved.

  4. when all the sugar is dissolved, remove 1 cup of sugar solution and keep it aside. let the sugar solution come to a boil on a medium-high flame.

cooking chom chom

  1. when the sugar solution starts boiling, carefully place the chum chum in the sugar solution. gently shake the pan holding the handles at the sides.

  2. cover the pan with lid and boil chum chum on medium-high flame for 5 minutes.

  3. after 5 minutes in a gentle stream, slowly add the 1 cup of reserved sugar solution. hold the pan at the handles and gently shake it.

  4. cover again with lid and cook covered for 7 minutes. i cooked for a total of 12 minutes. the cooking time will vary with the intensity of flame, pan type and size etc.

  5. to check if the cham cham has cooked, take one piece and place it in a bowl or mug of water. it should settle down at the bottom. if it floats then the cham cham needs to be cooked for a few more minutes.

  6. once the chum chum are cooked, switch off flame. keep the pan down and remove the lid.

  7. after five minutes add 1 tablespoon kewra water or rose water. you can also add ½ to 1 teaspoon cardamom powder. shake the pan gently. let cham cham cool completely.

making stuffing for chum chum

  1. in a heavy kadai or pan, take 6 tablespoons milk powder, 2 tablespoons sugar, 7 to 8 strands saffron and ¼ teaspoon cardamom powder.

  2. next add 2 tablespoons malai or cream reserved from the milk when we had boiled it. also add 2 to 3 tablespoons milk.

  3. mix everything and keep pan or kadai on a low flame.

  4. stirring often begin to cook this mixture.

  5. the mixture will begin to thicken. stir continuously and cook till the mixture leaves sides of pan. let this mixture cool completely.

making chum chum

  1. place cham cham on a tray and board. with a knife make cut each cham cham on top. do not cut the cham cham entirely.

  2. place the stuffing in the cham cham sweet carefully without breaking them.

  3. stuff all the chum chum pieces this way.

  4. take desiccated coconut in a plate and gently roll cham cham sweet so that the desiccated coconut sticks to the cham cham.

  5. do this with all the cham cham pieces.

  6. place each chum chum on a serving plate or tray. garnish with sliced pistachios and almonds.

  7. serve cham cham. or you can chill cham cham and then serve later. refrigerate any leftover cham cham pieces.

how to make cham cham sweet

making chenna for  cham cham recipe

1. take 1 litre milk in a pan and keep it to boil on a low to medium flame. stir at intervals when the milk begins to get heated.

making cham cham sweet

2. when the milk comes to a boil, you will see a layer of malai or clotted cream which forms on top. remove this layer of malai. you will get about 2 to 3 tablespoons of malai. keep this malai aside. we will be using this malai to make the sweet filling for cham cham.

making cham cham sweet

3. let the milk come to a rolling boil. switch off flame when milk comes to a rolling boil.

making cham cham sweet

4. add 2 tablespoons vinegar or lemon juice. you can even add 1 or 3 tablespoons vinegar or lemon juice. the amount to be added will depend on the quality of milk.

making cham cham sweet

5. mix very well and let milk curdle.

making cham cham sweet

6. wait for 4 to 5 mins and let the heat reduce a bit. then strain through muslin lined on a top of a bowl or pan.

making cham cham sweet

7. bring the edges of the muslin together, straining all the whey. be careful as both the chenna and whey will be hot.

making cham cham sweet

8. rinse the chenna very well in running water. this removes the lemony flavor and tangy taste from the chenna. then gently queeze the muslin with your hands, so that any extra water is drained from the chenna. remember there should not be excess water or moisture in the chenna as then the cham cham will break when cooking.

making cham cham sweet

9. keep a heavy weighted bowl or mortar-pestle on the chenna for 8 to 10 minutes.

making cham cham sweet

10. after 8 to 10 minutes remove the chenna from the muslin. place on a tray or a plate. sprinkle 1 teaspoon maida or all purpose flour. you can even add 1 teaspoon rava or corn flour instead of maida.

making cham cham sweet

11. mix and begin to knead this mixture. mash chenna with the heels of your palms and knead. also keep on collecting the chenna from the sides and continue to mash and knead. knead very well till a bit of greasiness is felt in your palms. just a bit of greasiness is required. do not knead till the whole chenna becomes greasy. if mixture looks dry and crumby then sprinkle some water – about 1 to 3 teaspoons or more and continue to knead. the chenna mixture should be able to come together without breaking or falling apart. for a dry chenna, a bit of moisture helps in binding the mixture.

making cham cham sweet

12. knead chenna to a smooth large ball.

making cham cham sweet

13. then shape into a log and cut in equal pieces. you can even make small balls from the kneaded chenna.

making cham cham sweet

14. take each piece and roll them between your palms to a smooth cylindrical or oblong shape.

making cham cham sweet

15. pinch the edges.

making cham cham sweet

16. make oblong shaped cham cham with all the pieces.

making cham cham sweet

17. keep them covered with a moist muslin cloth.

making cham cham sweet

making sugar syrup for chum chum

18. take 2 heaped cups sugar (400 grams) in a large pan. please use a large pot or pan with handles, so that there is enough space for the cham cham to cook and increase in size. i used a 3.4 litre stainless steel pan measuring 8.5 inches in diameter and 4.5 inches in height.

making cham cham recipe

19. pour 4 cups water (1 litre) in the pan.

making cham cham recipe

20. place the pan on a medium-low to medium flame. with a spoon stir non-stop and mix so that all the sugar is dissolved.

making cham cham recipe

21. when all the sugar is dissolved, remove 1 cup of sugar solution and keep it aside.

making cham cham recipe

22. then let the sugar solution come to a boil on a medium-high flame.

making cham cham recipe

23. when the sugar solution comes to a boil, then carefully place the cham cham in the sugar solution. gently shake the pan holding the handles at the sides.

making cham cham recipe

24. cover the pan with lid and boil cham cham on medium-high flame for 5 minutes.

making cham cham recipe

25. after 5 minutes in a gentle stream slowly add the 1 cup of reserved sugar solution.

making cham cham recipe

26. hold the pan at the handles and gently shake it.

making cham cham recipe

27. cover again with lid and cook covered for 7 minutes. i cooked for a total of 12 minutes. the cooking time will vary with the intensity of flame, pan type and size etc. so the total time taken for cooking can vary from 8 to 12 minutes. do not overcook the chom chom pieces, as they become rubbery and dense.

making cham cham recipe

28. after 8 to 10 minutes, you can check using this method to see if the cham cham are cooked. to check take one chum chum and place it in a bowl or mug of water. it should settle down at the bottom. if it floats then the cham cham needs to be cooked for a few more minutes.

making cham cham recipe

29. once the chum chum are cooked, switch off the flame. keep the pan down and remove the lid.

making cham cham recipe

30. after five minutes add 1 tablespoon kewra water or rose water. you can also add ½ to 1 teaspoon cardamom powder. mix gently. let cham cham cool completely.

making cham cham recipe

making stuffing for cham cham

30. in a heavy kadai or pan, take 6 tablespoons milk powder, 2 tablespoons sugar, 7 to 8 strands saffron and ¼ teaspoon cardamom powder.

making cham cham recipe

31. next add 2 tablespoons malai or cream reserved from the milk when we had boiled it. also add 2 to 3 tablespoons milk.

making cham cham recipe

32. mix everything and keep pan or kadai on a low flame.

making cham cham recipe

33. stirring often begin to cook this mixture.

making cham cham recipe

34. the mixture will begin to thicken. stir continuously and cook till the mixture leaves sides of pan. let this mixture cool completely. again here do not over cook this mixture as then it becomes chewy and sticky. in case it becomes chewy and sticky, then sprinkle some milk or water (1 to 2 tablespoons) on it and gently heat through.

making cham cham recipe

making stuffed chum chum

35. place cham cham on a tray and board. with a knife make cut each cham cham on top. do not cut the cham cham entirely.

making cham cham sweet recipe

36. pull part the cut sides and place the stuffing in the cham cham carefully without breaking them.

making cham cham sweet recipe

37. stuff all the cham cham pieces this way.

cham cham sweet recipe, cham cham recipe

38. take 2 to 3 tablespoons desiccated coconut in a plate and gently roll cham cham so that the desiccated coconut sticks to the cham cham.

cham cham sweet recipe, cham cham recipe

39. do this with all the cham cham pieces.

cham cham sweet recipe, cham cham recipe

40. place each cham cham on a serving plate or tray. garnish with sliced pistachios and almonds.

cham cham sweet recipe, cham cham recipe

41. serve cham cham. or you can chill cham cham and then serve later. refrigerate any leftover cham cham pieces.

chum chum

dassana amit
Founder, Designer, Recipe Developer, Food Photographer || MORE ABOUT US

i started vegrecipesofindia.com in feb 2009. it is a pure vegetarian blog and shares recipes with step by step photos that will help you to make delicious and tasty vegetarian food easily.

i am passionate about cooking from childhood and learnt cooking from my elders. having a home science degree surely enhanced my cooking & baking skills which i now share as fool proof recipes on the blog. i am trained both in mainstream indian as well as international cuisines.

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